I'm Dr. Adonia E. Lugo, an urban anthropologist who lives in Los Angeles. You can contact me at adonia at urbanadonia dot com.

Here's where I'm putting my energy right now:
As an ethnographer, I use bicycling, walking, and riding transit as embodied methods for observing the racialized and classed power dynamics of urban space. Through my research I've found that there are many people who view driving a car as a passport to a better life. As an activist, I'm interested in finding ways to move toward sustainable transportation in conversation with them, rather than viewing them as barriers or expecting them to change according to my own preferences.

As an educator, I ask my students to develop an awareness of their own perspectives because in order to further sustainability in our democracy, we must cultivate cross-cultural understanding and respect for diverse realities. We don't all experience streets the same way and yet because of historic inequities privileged groups get to have more input around what happens to our public spaces. I see shifting transportation culture not as a design project but as a vehicle for social justice and equitable participation in public decisionmaking.

My approach draws on the tradition of flânerie and the Situationist International's call for political action in public space, blended with feminist critical theory's situated knowledge. Much of my own perspective developed through my confusing experiences growing up as an English-speaking, mixed, Mexican-American kid in the immigrant enclave of a suburban California town where racism still shapes residential patterns. Having always felt in-between myself, I was drawn to study the conflicting, complex ways that people inhabit cities and streets.

In my 2013 dissertation, "Body-City-Machines: Human Infrastructure for Bicycling in Los Angeles," I analyzed the history of organized bicycle advocacy in L.A. and my own role as a participant in it. The concept of "human infrastructure" is something I found in urban ethnography and anthropological theory. These works illustrated how the materiality of individual actions, social networks, and cultural attitudes can be revealed in situations where physical infrastructures fail. Los Angeles, a city known for its love of the automobile, provided a fascinating lab for experimenting with the social networks and multiple urbanisms (especially Latin@ urbanism) that have started to grow bicycling beyond niche subcultures into a normal mode of transport there.

From 2008 till 2011, I lived carfree as an engaged researcher studying and organizing bicycle projects in L.A. For most of that time, I lived at the Los Angeles Eco-Village, which had been an important hub for central L.A.'s bike social life since the 1990s. Inspired by a trip to Bogotá, Colombia in August 2008, I helped start the effort to organize a ciclovía in Los Angeles, and served as the board secretary of CicLAvia until January 2011. I also co-founded the City of Lights/ Ciudad de Luces project at the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition that connected day laborer cyclists with bike advocacy. In 2012, City of Lights transformed into Multicultural Communities for Mobility.

In Seattle, where I lived from 2011 to 2013, I conducted interviews for the Seattle Bike Justice Project. In 2012, I also co-founded Bicicultures, a network of scholars researching bicycling's many social and cultural forms. Bicicultures explores ways to bring bicycle advocacy, research, and communities into the same conversation. Dr. McCullough and I are turning Bicicultures into an advisory partnership where we deploy our networked understanding of mobility to develop cultural adaptation strategies. Our method uses culturally appropriate interventions to spread sustainable practices.

I received a BA in anthropology from Reed College in Portland, OR in 2005, an MA in anthropology from UC Irvine in 2010, and a PhD in anthropology from UC Irvine in 2013. I managed the Equity Initiative at the League of American Bicyclists from November 2013 to March 2015. You can learn more about what I was doing and why I left here.

I am a critical bike scholar, which means my work is not centered in praising bicycling. Different people experience bicycling in positive and negative ways because bicycling takes place through bodies subject to the hierarchies of our society. I research bicycling because it is a useful site for studying the racial and class distinctions that we express through dominating or sharing streets.